Raila Odinga was born at Maseno Church
Missionary Society Hospital, in Maseno, Kisumu
District, Nyanza Province on 7 January 1945 to
the late Mary Ajuma Odinga and the late
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, the first Vice
President of the Republic of Kenya.
He went to Kisumu Union Primary School, Maranda
Primary and Maranda High School where he
stayed until 1962.
Raila Amolo Odinga spent the next two years
at the Herder Institut, a part of the
philological faculty at the University of
Leipzig in East Germany.

He received a scholarship that in 1965 sent him to the
Technical School, Magdeburg (now a part of
Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg) in
the GDR.
In 1970, he graduated with an Msc
(Masters of Science) in Mechanical
Raila returned to Kenya in 1970.

In 1971 he established the Standard Processing
Equipment Construction and Erection Limited
(later renamed East African Spectre), a
company specialized in the manufacturing of
liquid petroleum gas cylinders.

In 1974, he was appointed group standards manager of
the Kenya Bureau of Standards.
In 1978 he was promoted to its Deputy Director, a post he
held until his 1982 detention.

In 1982, Raila Odinga was placed under house
arrest for 7 months by then Daniel Moi, the
President of Kenya.
Raila was later charged with treason following his political agitation
for wider democratic space and detained
without trial for six years.

His mother died in 1984, but it took the prison wardens two
months to inform him of her passing, an
experience he openly confesses as one of the
most traumatizing in his hitherto eventful
Released on 6 February 1988, he was
rearrested in September 1988 for his
involvement with human rights and pro-
democracy activists pressing for multi-party
democracy in Kenya, which was then a one-
party state.
Raila Odinga was released on 12 June 1989,
only to be incarcerated again on 5 July 1990,
together with Kenneth Matiba, and former
Nairobi Mayor Charles Rubia.

Raila was released on 21 June 1991, and in October, he
fled the country for Norway with a hint that
the Kenyan government would attempt to
assassinate him.

At the time of Raila’s departure to Norway,
the Forum for the Restoration of Democracy
(FORD), a movement formed to agitate for
the return of multi-party democracy to
Kenya, was newly formed.
In February 1992,Raila returned to join FORD, then led by his
father Jaramogi Oginga Odinga. He was
elected Vice Chairman of the General Purposes
Committee of the party.
In the months running up to the 1992 General
Election, FORD split into Ford Kenya, led by
Raila’s father Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, and
FORD-Asili led by Kenneth Matiba. Raila
became Ford-Kenya’s Deputy Director of
Raila won the Langata Constituency
parliamentary seat, previously held by Philip
Leakey of KANU.
When Jaramogi Oginga Odinga died in
January 1994, and Michael Wamalwa Kijana
succeeded him as FORD-Kenya chairman,
Raila challenged him for the party
The elections were marred by controversy after which Raila resigned from
FORD-Kenya to join the National Development
Party (NDP).
In the 1997 General Election,
Raila finished third after President Moi, the
incumbent, and Democratic Party candidate
Mwai Kibaki. He retained his position as the
Langata MP
June 2001 t- 2002: Raila Odinga served in the
Moi’s Cabinet as Energy Minister
2002: The then President, Daniel Arap Moi,
pulled a surprise by endorsing Uhuru Kenyatta
– a son of Kenya’s first president Jomo
Kenyatta to be his successor. Moi publicly
asked Raila and others to support Uhuru as
Raila and other KANU members, including his
current Deputy in the CORD Coalition Kalonzo
Musyoka, the late George Saitoti and the late
Joseph Kamotho, opposed this step arguing
that the then 38 year old Uhuru, was
politically inexperienced and lacked the
leadership qualities needed to govern.
The Rainbow Movement went on to join the Liberal
Democratic Party (LDP), which later teamed
up with Mwai Kibaki’s National Alliance Party
of Kenya (NAK), a coalition of several other
parties, to form the National Rainbow
Coalition (NARC) that eventually defeated
Moi’s protege, Uhuru Kenyatta.
Raila became the second father of multi-
party democracy in Kenya after Kenneth
Matiba. It was at this point that he earned
his nickname; to his political followers, he is
also referred as “Agwambo”, the meaning of
which is Mysterious One, or “Jakom”, meaning
President Kibaki failed to honor a pre-
election agreement regarding political equity
among the stakeholders in NARC and a pledge
made to the Kenyan people to review the
Kenyan Constitution within a hundred days of
the election.
The perceived “betrayal” led to an open
rebellion and a split within the cabinet, which
culminated in disagreements over a proposed
new constitution for the country.
The government-backed constitutional committee
submitted a draft constitution that was
perceived to consolidate powers of the
presidency and weaken regional governments
as had been provided for under an earlier
draft before the 2002 Elections.

Raila opposed this, and when the document was put to a
referendum on 21 November 2005, the
government lost by a 57% to 43% margin.
Following this, President Kibaki sacked the
entire cabinet on November 23, 2005. When it
was formed two weeks later, Raila and the
entire LDP group were left out.
This led to the formation of the Orange Democratic
Movement (ODM) – an Orange was the symbol
for the “no” vote in the constitutional
August 2007: Orange Democratic Movement-
Kenya split in two, with Odinga becoming head
of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM)
while the other faction, the ODM-K, was
headed by Kalonzo Musyoka.
September 1, 2007: ODM elected Odinga as its
presidential candidate in a National
Delegates Conference held at the Moi
International Sports Centre in Nairobi.
Odinga received 2,656 votes; the only other
candidates receiving significant numbers of
votes were Musalia Mudavadi with 391 and
William Ruto with 368. Earlier, Najib Balala
had withdrawn his candidature and endorsed
The defeated candidates expressed
their support for Odinga afterward, and
Mudavadi was named as his running mate.
October 6, 2007: Odinga launched his
presidential campaign in Uhuru Park in
Nairobi on October 6, 2007, which saw a record
attendance in this or any other venue in
independent Kenya.
December 30, 2007: The chairman of the
Kenyan election commission controversially
declared Raila’s opponent, incumbent
president Mwai Kibaki, the winner of the
presidential election by a margin of about
230,000 votes. Raila disputed the results,
alleging fraud by the election commission.
Most opinion polls had speculated that Odinga
would defeat president Kibaki. Independent
international observers have since stated that
the poll was marred by irregularities
, especially at the
final vote tallying stages.
Many ODM supporters across the country rioted against
the announced election results.

Later violence broke out in the country
after widespread incidents of police brutality.
Following two months of unrest, a peace deal
between Odinga and Kibaki, which provided
for power-sharing and the creation of the
post of Prime Minister, was signed in
February 2008; it was brokered by former UN
Secretary General Kofi Annan.

Odinga was sworn in as Prime Minister, along with the
power-sharing Cabinet, on 17 April 2008. The
post of Prime Minister was last held by Jomo
Kenyatta between 1963 and 1964 following
independence. Odinga is thus the second
person in Kenya’s history to hold the position.

2013 Presidential Elections
Raila Odinga’s party, Orange Democratic
Movement (ODM) joined Kalonzo Musyoka’s
Wiper Party and Moses Wetangula’s Ford
Kenya (FK) in a CORD coalition (Coalition for
Reforms and Democracy) for the presidential
race with Raila as the presidential candidate
and Kalonzo as his running mate.
Raila ran for President in the elections held
on 4 March 2013 and garnered 5,340,546
votes (43.70%) out of the 12,221,053 valid
votes cast. Uhuru Kenyatta garnered
6,173,433 votes (50.51%). As this was above
the 50% plus 1 vote threshold, Uhuru won it
on the first round without requiring a run-
off between the top two candidates.
The Independent Electoral and Boundaries
Commission (IEBC) therefore officially
declared Uhuru Kenyatta the president elect
on Saturday 9 March at 2:44pm. Uhuru was
set to take office as Kenya’s 4th president.
However, Raila Odinga in a press conference
shortly after the results were announced
noted that the election had been marred by
massive failures by the BVR kits, EVID
(electronic voter identification or
“Pollbooks”), RTS (results transmission system
or “tallying system”) and the RPS (results
presentation or “transmissions system”). He
stated that the manual tallying was suspect
leaving him no choice but to contest the result
in Kenya’s highest court, The Supreme Court.
IEBC made claims on TV and media
that there were “technological challenges”,
that “servers overloaded” and that “database
The co-hosting of the IEBC server and the TNA
server also formed one of its greatest
arguments in the piece of evidence.
According to the rejected submission, IEBC
allowed Kencall EPZ to co-host both its
database and that of the TNA on the same
server with an IP address, which
Odinga through his lawyers argued compromised
the integrity of the electoral process.
Kenya’s chief justice Dr. Willy Mutunga
announced on Monday, 11 March that the
Supreme Court was fully formed and ready to
deliver its judgment within 14 days as
stipulated by the Constitution of Kenya.
During the Petition hearing, Chief Justice Willy
Mutunga made a finding rejecting second
affidavit of Raila Odinga which comprised 900
pages, on the basis that it amounted to “new
evidence” which is not permitted under the

Subsequently, The Supreme Court
issued a ruling dismissing the petition on 30
March 2013. The Supreme Court while declaring
Uhuru the next President.
Raila Odinga now serves the Republic of Kenya
as the Leader of the Official Opposition keen
to ensure the full and proper implementation
of the Constitution of Kenya 2010, the
promotion of democratic ideals and the
protection of equity & justice in our society.

We’ve improved ease of doing business, from No. 136 to No. 92 since 2013


Courtesy @thevoter
The Government has prepared a national trade development policy aimed at improving the country’s business environment, President Uhuru Kenyatta has said.

He said the policy – which recognizes the private sector as the key driver of economic development – has created a platform for an enabling business-friendly regulatory framework for the trade sector.

“But even as we celebrate the achievements that have made it possible for us to stand here today, let me remind you all, once again, that the private sector is not an end in itself.  Its role is to generate the jobs and growth that will bring freedom and prosperity.  Kenyans expect no less.  Kenyans will settle for no less,” President Kenyatta said.

The President was speaking when he officially opened the iconic multi-billion Two Rivers Mall at Runda in Nairobi.

President Kenyatta pointed out that easing of the business climate has always been at the heart of his Administration’s economic policy.

“I am very pleased to report substantial progress.  In 2013, when we began, Kenya was ranked 136th in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index.  Since then, we’ve moved up 44 positions,” the President said.

He added: “And, I must say, I am grateful for the help we have received from the private sector – both formally and informally – as it has constantly engaged us, always seeking improvement.”

President Kenyatta emphasized the need for positive transformation that will ensure full exploitation of the country’s potential to create jobs for the youth.

“I speak to young people often: they are full of energy; and they are ready to work, and most importantly, they are innovative.  We need to find them dignified and rewarding work; work that enables them to use their talents to the full,” the President said.

He added: “We need transformation because it is the only way we will promote prosperity and conquer poverty in this country.”

Noting that the path to prosperity and freedom is by growing the economy and ensuring the benefits of growth are equitably shared, President Kenyatta said that is the transformation his Administration is promoting.

The President described the opening of the new shopping mall asa step on that road to prosperity and freedom for every Kenyan, applauding the partnership between foreign and local investors that made the project successful.

Noting that the Industrial Commercial Development Corporation (ICDC)  and the Co-operative Bank of Kenya played a role in the project, the President said it showed that the country’s financial sector has matured.

He expressed satisfaction that a significant proportion of inputs in the project were procured locally – a move which spreads the benefits of the project right through the economy.

“Indeed, I gather that Two Rivers has already created about 2,500 jobs, and that this number is expected to quadruple to 10,000 as subsequent phases of this project are implemented,” the President said.

Other speakers included Industrialization Cabinet Secretary Adan Mohamed, Nairobi Governor Evans Kidero, Centum Investment Company Chairman Chris Kirubi, Chief Executive Officer James Mworia and Chinese Ambassador Liu Xianfa.

Kanu to back Uhuru Kenyatta’s re-election

By Jacob Ngetich

The Standard
President Uhuru Kenyatta has been assured of Kanu’s support in his bid to seek re-election, and it is now expected that Jubilee Party will work out an arrangement with the former ruling party as they prepare for this year’s General Election.

This follows a meeting between Uhuru and former President Daniel Moi.

The decision dampens attempts by the National Super Alliance (NASA) to work with Kanu, which still enjoys enormous influence in the vote-rich Rift Valley region.

Kanu had at some point been seen to gravitate towards NASA after Secretary General Nick Salat attended a meeting at the Bomas of Kenya in Nairobi and announced that the former ruling party would support NASA.

It has now emerged that Uhuru met the former President, Kanu chairman Gideon Moi and West Pokot Senator John Lonyangapuo at Moi’s Kabarnet Gardens residence in Nairobi.

It is expected that Kanu will now work with Jubilee to ensure President Kenyatta gets support in the Rift Valley.

Continued support

Friday, Prof Lonyangapuo told The Standard on Saturday that Uhuru had visited Mzee Moi to urge for his continued support.

“The President had a cordial conversation on a variety of issues with Mzee who asked him to ensure that the upcoming elections do not divide the nation,” said Lonyangapuo.

Lonyangapuo said it was during this meeting that Uhuru requested Kanu to join hands with Jubilee in the August General Election as they had done in 2013, a matter the retired President asked the party leadership to consider.

Mzee Moi is said to have told Uhuru to respect Kanu, especially because his father had been a stakeholder in the party which shepherded the country when it attained independence in 1963.

Kanu will now be expected to field candidates in the Rift Valley and its contestants will vie for all seats except the presidency.
This matter is bound to come up when Kanu holds its National Executive Council (NEC) meeting on Tuesday next week.
Uhuru’s visit comes a few weeks after his mother Mama Ngina paid Mzee Moi a visit at his Kabarak home.

Friday, former Kalenjin Council of Elders chairman Major (Rtd) John Seii said the visits by the Kenyattas were largely for consultations between Uhuru and his political mentor and may have little to do with politics.

The Jubilee Party and NASA have been battling to get into a parnership Kanu which enjoys huge resources and networks across the country.

With JP and Kanu now pursuing the same objective, the two political parties will have to navigate their relationship, especially because JP’s number two William Ruto, the Deputy President, has had a frosty relationship with Kanu leaders.

With Kanu announcing that it will field candidates in areas where JP will also be represented, political tensions could get a little heated.

For instance in West Pokot and Baringo, Kanu has fronted Prof Lonyangapuo to battle it out with Governor Simon Kachapin (JP) for the governor’s seat, while former minister Samuel Poghisio, a former United Republican Party (URP) chairman but now a member of Kanu, is eyeing the Senate seat in the same county.

Tough battle

But of particular interest will be the battle for the Elgeyo Marakwet Senate seat that is likely to pit incumbent Kipchumba Murkomen against former Inspector General of Police David Kimaiyo of Kanu.

Assuming these candidates get their party’s nomination, then they will have to carefully navigate how they will relate with their partners.

Last year, Kanu gave Jubilee a run for its money in the Kericho Senate by-election after President Kenyatta appointed then Senator Charles Keter Energy Cabinet Secretary.

Leaders from the region are optimistic about the partnership. Former Roads Minister Franklin Bett, is seeking to secure the JP ticket to vie for the Kericho Senate, said working with Kanu would unify voters in the Rift Valley.

“This will ensure a strong support base for Uhuru and Ruto in 2017 polls. I request Bomet Governor Isaac Ruto to also consider a similar arrangement,” said Bett.
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